Diébédo Francis Kéré is a Burkinabe architect based in Berlin, Germany, whose work straddles community development in the developing world and award-winning architecture in the first world. His work transcends the traditional dichotomy between first world ‘starchitect’ architecture and socially-minded practice.
His first notoriety came for his early work in his home village of Gando, Burkina Faso. Diébédo Francis Kéré was the first child in his village to go to university, and after completing his courses at the Technical University of Berlin, Diébédo Francis Kéré returned home and began a process of community design.
Traditionally, school buildings in rural Burkina Faso were made from earthen bricks, which fared poorly in the rain. Schools built by international agencies were made with concrete, which became unbearable for children during the hot summers. Moreover, concrete construction is both water and electricity intensive – a high burden for a village that has neither.
Kéré’s process included the entire community, gathering together different participants in both the design and construction phases. This allowed a synthesis between traditional building techniques and modern construction. Traditional clay construction was modified and elevated to protect against flooding, while long span roofs were erected to keep the rain off the face of the building. An elevated roof allowed air to circulate naturally through the building, keeping it cool on the interior. The techniques that the community learned in erecting the building have now allowed them to practice elsewhere, stimulating the proliferation of better building.
Additional schools have been built, and Kéré’s work now spans several continents. However, his work in Gando has remained as an exemplar for how to design and build extraordinary projects with limited resources, using good design and the power of community.
We had a chance to speak with Mr. Kéré on Social Design Insights, about his philosophy of inclusion, and his advice for young designers in a two-part interview. Have a listen here.